Bowling Baker (1794-1864) and Mary Jane Smith (1802-1861)

Bowling Baker and Mary Jane Smith are my 4X Great Grandparents, the parents of my 3x great grandfather William Baker.

Bowling Baker was born in 1794 in Campbell County, Tennessee. He was the son of Bolling Baker and Patsey Morris.

Mary Jane Smith was born December 25, 1802 in Russell County, Virginia. It is thought that she was the daughter of Ali Smith (who served in the American Revolution) and Mary Jane Denny (whose father fought in the American Revolution).

Bowling and his brothers George, James, and William, bought what became known as Baker’s Forge in 1822. It was an iron works on Grant’s Creek in Campbell, Tennessee which had been established in 1801. You can read about Baker’s Forge here.

Bowling and Mary were married in 1824 in Campbell County, Tennessee.

On the 1830 US Census, Bowling was head of a household in Campbell County, Tennessee. There were 6 in the household: 2 males under age 5 (Thomas was 3 and George was 2); 1 male aged 30-39 (Bowling was 36); 2 females under age 5 (Jane was 3 and Elizabeth was a newborn); 1 female aged 20-29 (Mary was 28).

Bowling served as Postmaster from January 7, 1834 to February 19, 1835 for the Baker’s Iron Works Post Office in Campbell County, Tennessee.

On the 1840 US Census, Bowling was again head of a household in Campbell County, Tennessee. There were 11 in the household: 3 males under age 5 (William was a newborn, Eli was 3, and Henry was 8) ; 1 male aged 5-9 (Enos was 9); 2 males aged 10-14 (Thomas was 13 and George was 12); 1 male aged 15-19; 1 male aged 40-49 (Bowling was 46); 2 females under age 5 (Nancy was 5 and Martha was 8); 1 female aged 5-9 (Elizabeth was 9); 1 female aged 10-14 (Jane was 13); 1 female aged 30-39 (Mary was 38).

They came to Missouri from Tennessee shortly after that census, in ox-driven wagons.

An April 10, 1843 land record shows that Bowling bought 40 acres in Pulaski County, Missouri (Township 34N, Range 12W, Section 10.) Pulaski is northeast of Stone County.

On the 1850 US Census, the family was found farming in Linn, Taney County, Missouri. Bowling was recorded as being 30, but was 56. Mary was 48. There were 8 children at home: George, age 24; Enos, age 19; Henry, age 16; Martha, age 16; Nancy, age 14; Eli, age 13; William, age 11; James, age 9.

A March 10, 1856 land record shows that Bowling purchased 35.44 acres in Stone County, Missouri (Township 24N, Range 23W, Section 6.)

A May 15, 1857 land record shows that Bowling purchased 40 acres in Stone County, Missouri (Township 25N, Range 23W, Section 33.)

A June 1, 1859 land record shows that Bowling purchased more 40 acres in Stone County, Missouri (Township 25N, Range 23W, Section 33.)

On the 1860 US Census, Bowling was 60 and Mary was 59. They were farming in Washington, Stone County, Missouri. There were 4 unmarried children at home: William, age 19; James, age 17; Eli, age 23; and Henry, age 23. A widowed daughter, Elizabeth Wooley, age 27, and her 5 children lived with them.

Mary Jane died in 1861 in Stone County, Missouri. She was 58 or 59. Her Find A Grave memorial is here.

Bowling was shot by Bushwhackers during the Civil War. He died September 6, 1864 in Stone County, Missouri. He was 69 or 70. His Find A Grave memorial is here.

The children of Bowling Baker and Mary Jane Smith:

Jane Baker – Jane was born December 20, 1826 in Tennessee (twin of Thomas). She married Jeremiah Kelley on December 20, 1846 in Taney County, Missouri. They had 10 children and farmed in Stone County, Missouri and Washington County, Arkansas. She died December 23, 1915 in Springdale, Washington County, Arkansas. She was 89. Her Find A Grave memorial is here.

Thomas Baker – Thomas was born December 20, 1826 in Tennessee (twin of Jane). He married Nancy Hembree on August 16, 1848 in Taney County, Missouri. They had at least 10 children and farmed in Stone County, Missouri. Thomas died on September 17, 1915 in Creek County, Oklahoma. He was 88. His Find A Grave memorial is here.

George Baker – George was born in about 1827 in Tennessee. He married Sarah Ann Hall on April 20, 1854 in Stone County, Missouri. They had 6 children. He died prior to 1870, and Sarah didn’t remarry.

Elizabeth Baker – Elizabeth was born in 1830 in Tennessee. She married Felix B. Wooley and they had 5 children. She was widowed in 1859. She married the widowed Young Bynum “Bine” Rickman on November 3, 1867 in Stone County, Missouri. Bine had served in the Civil War on the Confederate side. He had 6 children. The last record I have of them together is the 1880 US Census when they lived in Polo, Carroll County, Arkansas. Bine died in 1891. It’s possible that on the 1900 and 1910 US Census, Elizabeth was listed as Elizabeth Baker, living with brother George’s widow Sarah Baker in Stone County, Missouri.

Enos Baker – Enos was born in 1831 in Tennessee. He married Martha Stone on February 13, 1853 in Stone County, Missouri. They had at least 2 children, and farmed in Stone County, Missouri. He served in Captain Clemiel Davis’ Company of the Missouri Home Guards for the Union in the Civil War. He died November 15, 1861 in Stone County, Missouri. He was 29 or 30. His Find A Grave memorial is here.

Martha Baker – Martha was born April 29, 1832 in Tennessee. She married Francis Marion Carr on October 23, 1851 in Stone County, Missouri. They had 3 children and farmed in Stone County, Missouri. On the 1880 US Census, Francis was a hotel keeper. She died on April 21, 1916 in Galena, Stone County, Missouri. She was 83. Her Find A Grave memorial is here.

Henry Baker – Henry was born  November 28, 1832 in Tennessee. (His birthday is too close to sister Martha’s for both to be correct. They are both listed as 16 years old on the 1850 US Census, so they may be twins, or were born in the same year.) According to the book History of Stone County, Henry married a woman named Margaret, and they had 2 children. She disappeared, and was perhaps killed for her horse. I doubt this story because I can’t find another marriage record, nor can I find the two children. Henry married Margaret Gentry on December 22, 1857. They had 7 children. He was a farmer and carpenter in Stone County, Missouri. He died February 2, 1914 in Galena, Stone County, Missouri. He was 81. His Find A Grave memorial is here.

Nancy Baker – Nancy was born October 14, 1835 in Tennessee. She married John W. Williams on December 22, 1851 in Stone County, Missouri. They had 2 children.  She married Jonathon Jones, and they had 1 child. She married Samuel Gentry on March 3, 1869 in Stone County, Missouri. They had 2 children. They divorced in about 1890. She died June 26, 1905. She was 69. Her Find A Grave memorial is here.

Eli Baker – Eli was born about 1837 in Tennessee. He was murdered on October 1, 1861 in Stone County, Missouri. He was 24. Larry Wood wrote about it on an Ozarks History blog, and you can read it here.

William Baker – My 3X great grandfather William was born on May 9, 1840 in Tennessee. were married Sarah Elizabeth Davis on June 21, 1860 in Stone County, Missouri.  They had 8 children. William died on September 4, 1910 in Reeds Spring, Stone County, Missouri. He was 70. His Find A Grave memorial is here. Read about him here.

James Baker – James was born in 1841 in Missouri. He married Rose Ann Wilson on November 12, 1864 in Stone County, Missouri. That’s the last record I have for him.

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